By Michael Haag

From Michael Haag, bestselling writer of The Templars: The historical past and the Myth, comes The Tragedy of the Templars, a thrilling new examine the increase of Templar strength and the saga in their destruction.
Founded on Christmas Day 1119 in Jerusalem, the Knights Templar used to be a spiritual order devoted to protecting the Holy Land and its Christian pilgrims within the a long time after the 1st campaign. mythical for his or her bravery and commitment, the Templars turned one of many wealthiest and strongest our bodies of the medieval world—and the executive defenders of Christian society opposed to becoming Muslim forces.
In The Tragedy of the Templars: the increase and Fall of the Crusader States, Haag masterfully info the conflicts and betrayals that despatched this faction of robust knights spiraling from domination to condemnation.
This stirring and carefully researched paintings of historic research contains maps and full-color photos of significant cultural websites, lots of which doubled as battlefields throughout the Crusades.

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But those beginnings have been much less dramatically army than they could look. the 3 castles equipped through the Templars within the Amanus variety have been poorly built affairs, all counting on the craggy mountainous terrain for his or her defences; they have been hardly ever intended for sustained battle. routes go through the mountains, one north of Alexandretta (present-day Iskenderun), the place the Templars outfitted the castles of Trapesac and l. a. Roche de Roissol, the latter truly on a mountain top, the opposite path south of Alexandretta, the well-known Belen go, in which Alexander chased the Persian king Darius after the conflict of Issus, the place the Templars equipped the fort of Baghras. those castles didn't mark a frontier among the Christian states and the Seljuk Turks; quite, the passes have been connecting avenues among the principality of Antioch and the recent Armenian place of origin in Cilicia, validated after the disaster of Ani. particularly the Belen cross, often referred to as the Syrian Gates, led at once south to the town of Antioch itself. it's not staggering that the castles have been equipped quickly after Queen Melisende got here to the throne; being part Armenian and together with her sister married to the prince of Antioch, her challenge was once certainly with the alliance among Outremer and the Armenians. The Templars’ castles within the Amanus mountains didn't without delay block the passes – fairly, they can function safe bases for attacking any Turkish forces trying to go the variety – yet extra instantly and importantly they safe the 2 routes alongside which exchange and pilgrimage site visitors, in addition to army assistance, handed among the Armenian and Frankish allies. The Templars’ function within the Amanus mountains, for that reason, a minimum of before everything, used to be an extension in their function as a gendarmerie alongside the roads within the nation of Jerusalem. The Hospitallers’ actions at Calansue and Bethgibelin have been humbler but. Calansue used to be an property based via Geoffrey of Flujeac at the undeniable of Sharon, north of Jaffa and west of Nablus. within the village stood a stone tower, storeys excessive, concept to were equipped by means of Geoffrey earlier than he granted the Hospitallers his property, and close to it a corridor and 3 different vaulted constructions additional later. however the tower and different constructions weren't enclosed and will rarely be acknowledged to have amounted to a fort; yet whether they have been, their basic function should not have been shielding, for Calansue used to be faraway from any probability. Frankish landowners quite often equipped towers or different buildings that will be defined as fortifications now not quite a bit for defence as to draw payment to their estates. an identical was once occurring in Europe, the place fortified settlements have been frequent because the 10th century regardless of the inability of an exterior or inner possibility. on the contrary; fortified settlements at the heels of superior safety and emerging prosperity. because the old geographer Ronnie Ellenblum has written, in Frankish Rural payment within the Latin country of Jerusalem, ‘The fort, it's now usually argued, used to be designed to be extra of an influence image and a nucleus for a brand new payment instead of a solution to acute safeguard specifications.

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